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使用硫酸铜治疗锦鲤鱼病时需注意哪些问题?

 [作者:aoutmy] [日期:17-09-27]
锦鲤饲养过程中难免会遇到各种鱼病,也必然接触到很多药物。下面小编就来向大家介绍硫酸铜防治鱼病的需要注意的问题,希望可以帮到大家! Koi breeding process will inevitably encounter all sorts of fish disease, must also come into contact with a lot of drugs. Below small make up is to introduce the copper sulfate need to pay attention to the prevention and control of fish disease problems, the hope can help you! 硫酸铜也叫蓝矾、石胆,是一种透明的深蓝色结晶或粉末,可溶于水,溶液呈弱酸性。它是锦鲤鱼病防治中常用的药品,可治疗鱼的原生寄生虫病,如体外寄生的鞭毛虫、纤毛虫、吸管虫等。 Copper sulfate is also called the blue vitriol, lithocholic, it is a kind of transparent blue crystal or powder, soluble in water, the solution of weak acid. It is commonly used drugs in the koi fish disease prevention and control, treatment of native fish parasitic diseases, such as in vitro parasitic worm giardia, ciliate, straw, etc. 由于硫酸铜属于重金属盐类,所以在使用过程中,需要注意以下几个问题。 Because copper sulfate belong to heavy metal salts, in use process, need to pay attention to the following questions. 1、硫酸铜杀灭病原体的能力随着水体环境的变化而不同。一般而而言,其毒性随着温度的升高而增强,随着pH值的增加、有机物的增多和食盐的存在而减小。因此用药量应根据水环境的具体情况而灵活掌握。 1, copper sulfate, the ability to kill pathogens as the change of the aquatic environment. In terms of general and, as the temperature rises, the toxicity, increasing with the increase of pH, organic matter and the presence of salt. So the dose should be according to the actual circumstances of the water environment and flexible control. 2、硫酸铜的安全浓度范围较小。一般使用时,浓度为0.5~0.7mg/L的硫酸铜全池泼洒或用浓度为8mg/L的硫酸铜浸浴20分钟~30分钟。因此,使用时要准确测量养殖用水的体积,正确计算用药量。 2, the safety of the copper sulfate concentration range is smaller. General use, the concentration of 0.5 ~ 0.7 mg/L of all of the copper sulfate splashing pool or use the concentration of 8 mg/L of copper sulfate bath 20 ~ 30 minutes. Therefore, when using more accurate measurement of aquaculture water volume, correct dose calculation. 3、硫酸铜过量会引起鱼类肾组织坏死、造血组织破坏、肝脂肪增加,同时还可能残留在鱼类的鳃、肌肉和肝内,妨碍肠道的吸收,从而影响锦鲤类的摄食和生长,故不能经常使用。 3, copper sulfate, excessive can cause fish tissue necrosis, hematopoietic tissue destruction, increased liver fat, also may remain within the fish gills, muscle and liver, prevent intestinal absorption, thus affecting the brocade carp class feeding and growth, therefore cannot be used frequently. 4、硫酸铜经常与硫酸亚铁按5∶2的比例混合使用。硫酸亚铁主要是消除固着物,为硫酸铜杀灭寄生虫扫除障碍。尤其是中华鱼蚤寄生病,因病鱼鳃丝末端肿胀发白,黏液大量增加。如果单用硫酸铜作用就不明显,而必须与硫酸亚铁混在一起用才行,注意硫酸亚铁的使用浓度与硫酸铜相同。 4, copper sulfate, often with ferrous sulfate 5:2 according to the proportion of mixed use. Ferrous sulfate is mainly to eliminate fixation material, as copper sulfate, the parasites to unblock. Especially the fish fleas parasitism, due to illness, swelling of the white end of the gill filaments mucus. If use copper sulfate effect is not obvious, but must mix with ferrous sulfate), pay attention to the use of ferrous sulfate concentration is the same as the copper sulfate. 5、溶解硫酸铜的水温不要超过60℃,否则药液容易失效。 5, not more than 60 ℃, the water temperature of dissolved copper sulfate solution easily otherwise failure. 6、硫酸铜对小瓜虫病无效。由于小瓜虫是在锦鲤鱼体表面形成囊包,不易被硫酸铜杀灭,使用后还会引起鱼类大量死亡。 6, copper sulfate for small melon worm disease is invalid. Due to the small melon worm is formed in the koi fish body surface bursa bag, not easy to be copper sulfate to kill, after using can also cause fish death.

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