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氧化铜与紫禁城琉璃瓦

[作者:aoutmy] [日期:17-05-20]
琉璃瓦色彩鲜艳多变,使建筑物整齐有序又不失高贵,那么,紫禁城里的琉璃瓦颜色有什么讲究呢?琉璃瓦的颜色又是怎么来的呢?下面我们一一为您解答。 The colour of the glazed tiles is bright and changeable, make the building orderly and not lose nobility, so, what is the color of the glazed tiles in the Forbidden City? What about the color of the glazed tiles? Here are the answers for you. 这里简单说一下中国古代使用色彩的等级限制: Here's a quick word about the use of color in ancient China: 金、朱、黄最高贵:用于帝王、贵族的宫室 Gold, zhu and huang are the noblest: for imperial, aristocratic palaces 青、绿次之:百官第宅可用 Green and green: the first house is available 黑、灰最下:庶民庐舍只用这类色调。 Black and grey: the plebeian lusher only USES this kind of color. 可见,琉璃瓦的颜色并不是随便用的。 The color of the glazed tiles is not arbitrary. 在一切都有规矩的紫禁城里,这些颜色的使用是有秩序的。五行中的五种元素,各代表一个方位,一种颜色。 In all the rules of the Forbidden City, there was order in the use of these colors. The five elements of the five lines represent one direction, one color. 黄色属土,土居中。帝王居天下之中,紫禁城绝大多数屋顶是黄色的。 The yellow is the earth, the earth is centered. In the imperial world, the vast majority of the Forbidden City's roofs are yellow. 南三所位东,属木,主青,主生。年幼的皇子皇孙学习成长的地方,屋顶是绿瓦。 The south three east, the tree, the Lord youth, the Lord. Where the young emperor sun learned to grow, the roof was green. 北方属水,主黑。神武门内东西大房用黑顶。 The north is water and the Lord is black. A great house with a black roof. 以天坛为例,嘉靖时,北京天坛内建大享殿,3层屋檐用三色琉璃:上层蓝色象天,中层黄色象地,下层绿色象万物。 In the temple of heaven, for example, when jiajing, kenda within the temple of heaven in Beijing at the temple, 3 eaves with three colour: blue like a day at the top, middle yellow like land, lower green, like all things. 只不过清乾隆时对天坛做了一次大规模重修,大享殿3檐才改为一色青琉璃,更名为祈年殿(供孟春祁谷之用)。 It was only when qing qianlong had made a major overhaul of the temple of heaven, that the great hall was changed to a blue glaze and called the hall of prayer (for the use of the valley of meng chunqi).

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